It is followed with the inflammatory process, compression of blood vessels with microcirculation disorder in the disease segment, compression of nerve roots with the onset of neurologic symptomatology.
The most widespread localizations of the protruded disk:
- hernia of the cervical spine is diagnosed for approximately 5-8%;
- hernia of the chest department is diagnosed for 30-32%;
- hernia of the lumbar and sacral department is diagnosed for 60-65%.
It is necessary to remember that spinal disc herniation is not an independent disease, but a stage of osteochondrosis..
- the rupture of the fibrous ring can occur with a sudden and considerable pressure upon the disk;
- chronic tension of the disk and weakening of fibers of the fibrous ring as a result of small injuries, for example, knee-bends with a bar and other heavy athletics exercises. A group of so-called symptoms of fatigue of the intervertebral disk;
- compression and other types of spinal fractures which are followed by damage of the intervertebral disk;
- curvatures of the thoracic spine (scoliosis, kyphosis) is a serious contributing factor of the rupture of the fibrous ring;
- young age (from 20 to 40). Greatest physical activities are in this period.
Symptoms of hernia of the intervertebral disk
In case of trauma of the cervical spine there are the following symptoms::
- unstable arterial pressure (jumps);
- dizziness, headache, balance disorder;
- deterioration of sight and hearing disorder;
- pain in the pectoral arch;
- feeling of numbness and “cooling” in fingers;
- at a strong compression of the root and the vertebral artery there can be frustration of attention and memory;
- development of a radicular syndrome (pain reflecting in the hand).
In case of trauma of the thoracic spine the clinical picture will be the following:
- weak or aching pain in the back, pains in internals, and also intercostal neuralgia can be added further;
- character of pain may confuse, indicating symptoms of the heart disease, lungs or a digestive tract (it is caused with compression of the nervous roots responsible for internals);
- affection of the chest department often happens against scoliosis or kyphoscoliosis;
- later two vertebral syndromes: dorsalgia and dorsago appear;
In case of hernia of the lumbar department there is the following symptomatology::
- pain in the lower extremities and in the lumbus during more than two-three months;
- feeling of numbness in the area of the small pelvis (groin);
- discomfort and numbness in the shin, foot and toes.
Any department of the backbone from sacral to cervical, experiences loading not only during high physical activity, but also during usual loading (and even at rest) therefore symptoms are quite often interpreted with conventional fatigue..
Hernia can appear as a result of the lack of physical activity because of weak blood supply of paravertebral muscles and sheaves, the tone of the lumbar and muscular corset is decreased.
Scoliosis or osteochondrosis can be other reasons of formation of vertebral hernia. The curvature of the axis of the spine column promotes wrong distribution of load on the ligamentous and muscular apparatus and the relevant department of the backbone.
Treatment of hernia of the intervertebral disk
The main objective of remedial gymnastics at hernia of the intervertebral disk is to strengthen muscles of the back, decrease pain in these areas, improve blood circulation in the affected segment, reduce oedemata in muscular tissues.
Training include physical exercises for small and average muscular groups and joints, exercises on relaxation of muscles of the pectoral arch, upper and lower extremities.
Sets of therapeutic exercises will depend on the current form of osteochondrosis: an acute or subacute period, a remission period.
Highly qualified specialists of the health and fitness centre “Progress” use author’s techniques to prevention, correction and treatment of hernia of the intervertebral, which have a fine result even in difficult cases.