In the cervical department there are 7 vertebras. Clinical manifestations depend on what intervertebral cartilages are affected. Each intervertebral segment has the “responsibility zone” to which it directs the nerve-endings which are started with a nerve root in the exit place from the backbone (at the basis of acanthas).
Between vertebras there is a flexible and shock-absorbing “insert”, it is an intervertebral cartilage which compensates loading and provides flexibility of the backbone. Its destruction also causes all symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis.
Stages of cervical osteochondrosis development
Symptoms: the initial degree is followed by the minimum clinical manifestations. The weak overloading of muscles of the neck and an insignificant pain syndrome which can be at the movements of the head.
2 degree – discogenic radiculitis
Symptoms: the following degree is already followed by a stronger pain syndrome which sometimes “is reflected” into the hand or pectoral arch where sharp “shooting” pain can be. It is caused by “protrusion” in the intervertebral cartilage, which starts compressing nerve roots. Therefore the pain syndrome can increase considerably at the movement of the head and, besides, the illness interferes with normal supply of nutrients to the brain that results in complexity with concentration of attention, emergence of the general weakness and migraine.
3 degree – vascular and radicular
Symptoms: at the third degree all symptoms become more acute, pain is more constant and strong, extending onto the humeral zone and the top extremities. At palpating of the cervical zone pain is growing, there can be numbness of fingers and muscles as dangerous hernial formations are being developed. There is constraint in joints, their mobility is negatively affected.
4 degree – emergence of the scar tissue in the intervertebral cartilages
Symptoms: the last degree of osteochondrosis development leads to destruction of the intervertebral cartilages and then the affected one is covered with the connective tissue. Thereof there can be ringing of the ears, problems with coordination, dizziness and other symptoms, which are caused with compression of the vertebral arteries, which supply oxygen and nutrients into the brain tissues.
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
The main objective of remedial gymnastics at cervical osteochondrosis is to strengthen muscles of the neck and shoulders, decrease pain in these areas, improve blood circulation in the affected segment, reduce hypostasis in the muscular tissue. Remedial gymnastics is prescribed as in the sharp period of the disease of cervical osteochondrosis, and for its prevention.
Lessons include physical exercises for small and average muscular groups and joints, exercises on relaxation of muscles of the pectoral arch and the top extremities. Exercises are done in a starting position lying and sitting on a chair. Swing movements for the top extremities are widely used, which are done in the state of the maximum relaxation of muscles of the pectoral arch. All exercises are done along with breathing exercises and exercises on muscles relaxation.
Sets of exercise therapy exercises will depend on the current form of osteochondrosis: an acute or subacute period, a remission period.
Highly qualified specialists of the health and fitness center “Progress” use author’s techniques to prevention, correction and treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, which have a fine result even in difficult cases.