There are 12 vertebras in the chest department. Clinical manifestations depend on what intervertebral cartilages are affected. Each intervertebral segment has a “responsibility zone” to which it directs nerve-endings which are started with a nerve root in the exit place from the backbone (at the basis of acanthas).
Between vertebras there is a flexible and shock-absorbing “insert”, it is an intervertebral cartilage, which compensates loading and provides flexibility of the backbone. Its destruction causes all the symptoms of chest osteochondrosis.
The reason of formation of the chest department osteochondrosis is scoliosis, its prerequisites are formed in childhood. The thoracic spine is an inactive part that is why symptoms have noticeable differences from other types of osteochondrosis. The main difference is a lack of a sharp pain syndrome, but there is dull or aching pain. Pains may appear in internals later, and also intercostal neuralgia can be as well.
Stages of chest osteochondrosis development
Symptoms: an initial degree is followed by the minimum clinical manifestations. There can be incidental discomfort in the thoracic spine areas. Muscles quickly get tired, insignificant reflex tension is noted.
2 степень – дискогенного радикулита
Symptoms: : there is breast pain and feeling of numbness. The pain syndrome is getting stronger in the course of breath or movement. In most cases pain has a “surrounding” character. There is pain in scapulae (intercostal neuralgia);
3 degree – vascular and radicular
Symptoms: at the third degree all symptoms increase. The character of pain may confuse, indicating symptoms of diseases of heart, lungs or a digestive tract.
Palpating the thoracic spine there is expressed tension of muscles of the back.
4 degree – emergence of the scar tissue in the intervertebral cartilage
Symptoms: the last degree of osteochondrosis development leads to destruction of the development owing to this the affected area is covered with the connective tissue. There is a decrease in mobility of the thoracic spine. Disorder of internals dysfunction is obviously expressed.
Chest osteochondrosis has two vertebral syndromes – dorsalgia and dorsago
Dorsago is characterized by an acute pain in the chest. People who are in the bending position for a long time have it (for example, welders) or because of sharp straightening. The pain syndrome at dorsago is rather strong, it is even during breathing. There is a restriction of the backbone mobility.
Dorsalgia is shown gradually and imperceptibly, it may proceed about several weeks. There is an ill-defined pain syndrome in the affected area of the backbone and discomfort. Pain is getting stronger at deep breath or bending forward or aside.
Pain is getting stronger at night, during awakening the pain syndrome disappears at short walking. Pain increases again at deep breath or a long position of the body in one pose.
Treatment of chest osteochondrosis
The main exercises of physiotherapy exercises at chest osteochondrosis are directed to negate a pain syndrome, train force and elasticity of the back muscles, strengthen the backbone, decrease the level of nerve roots compression, improve blood circulation in the area of the affected intervertebral cartilages.
Sets of exercise therapy exercises will depend on the current form of osteochondrosis: an acute or subacute period, a remission period.
Highly qualified specialists of the health and fitness center “Progress” use author’s techniques to prevention, correction and treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, which have a fine result even in difficult cases.