The knee joint arthrosis (gonarthrosis) is a progressing degenerate and dystrophic disease of the knee joint affecting all its elements: cartilages, ligaments, joint cover, circumarticular muscles and bones. An initial stage of arthrosis is affection of the cartilaginous tissue of joint surfaces.
The knee joint is considered one of the most difficult joints in a human body. Despite a large supply of durability it is extremely susceptible to injuries and is exposed to considerable loadings even when walking. With age or after a knee injury the risk of development of arthritis and arthrosis considerably increases.
Gonarthrosis is a leader in the group of diseases — statistically from 7 to 22% of people in the planet suffer from this illness.
Stages of the knee joint arthrosis
The knee joint is less subjected to the development of arthrosis than a coxofemoral or ankle joint as it has, on average, less loading.
Symptoms: external symptoms of disorders in knee joints can not be observed. The pain syndrome appears during long loadings (walking the stairs) or after a sleep (when rising from a sitting position). If case of a very big loading there is an inflammation center in the knee joint.
Second degree of gonarthrosis
Symptoms: in the second stage there is local destruction of the cartilaginous tissue, deformation of a meniscus starts. There are pathological outgrowths on the bone surface – osteophytes. Painful and inflammatory syndromes are more expressed and felt during the normal load of the joint (usual walking). The range of motions decreases, the tone of muscles is considerably lowered.
Third degree of gonarthrosis
Symptoms: pain and inflammatory syndrome at the third stage of the illness increases considerably. There is pain now at the movement and at rest. Destruction of the joint is often followed by disorder of blood circulation in the knee. The ability to unbend a foot (the contracture is formed) disappears, joints are greatly deformed, the bending of the limb axis is getting more.
Treatment of the knee joint arthrosis
In case of gonarthrosis force of the four-head muscle of a hip quickly reduces— this weakness leads to disorders in functions of a knee joint, sheaves and joint surfaces. In the joint there is inflammation and pain in response to destruction of the cartilaginous tissue and disorder of nutrition. Pain causes the reflex tension and reduction of muscles of the knee joint that increases a loading of the joint even more strongly and increases pain.
To lower pain, the patient tries to bend and unbend a knee as less as possible, thus muscles and sheaves weaken and are shortened without regular loading. The range of motions falls, there are osteophytes, the cartilaginous tissue of the joint is being more and more destroyed.
At late stages of gonarthrosis the severe pain develops even at rest, even without loading.
To break off this vicious circle it is necessary to understand the way of development of the knee joint arthrosis, what stage it is now at, to take into consideration the patient’s age, associated diseases and diagnostic data.
Curative services in case of gonarthrosis are consistently directed onto fight against pain, prevention and correction of a contracture, strengthening of the extensor mechanism of the knee joint.
The main goal of exercise therapy at this form of arthrosis consists in strengthening and increase of endurance of muscle-flexors and muscle-extensors of the shin.
Highly qualified specialists of the health and fitness center “Progress” use author’s techniques to prevention, correction and treatment of the ankle joint arthrosis which have a fine result even in difficult cases.